Как гидроксизин помогает при тревоге? Существуют ли общие побочные эффекты?
Anxiety is a state of worry, fear, and unease. Anxiety disorders are the most common mental illness in the United States. The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) estimates that 40 million adults in America suffer from an anxiety disorder. These disorders are also among the most disabling conditions, affecting a person’s daily life and ability to function at work or school.
Hydroxyzine (hydroxyzine hydrochloride or hydroxyzine HCL) is a medication that is used to treat anxiety (and other medical condition). It works by blocking the action of certain chemical messengers in the brain.
The active ingredient in Hydroxyzine is hydroxyzine pamoate. It has been shown to be effective in the treatment of motion sickness by preventing the release of histamine from mast cells in the stomach lining.
Anxiety Disorders Are The Most Common Mental Illness In The USA
Recommended Dose of Hydroxyzine
Hydroxyzine is available as a oral tablets or an intramuscular injection. The recommended dosage of hydroxyzine is 2 to 10 mg orally every four hours, or as directed by a doctor. The maximum single daily dose should not exceed 200 mg.
Store hydroxyzine at room temperature (below 25 degrees Celsius) not exceeding 30 degrees Celsius. Do not store in direct sunlight or near heat sources. Store in a dry place and protect from light. Hydroxyzine is a salt and may crystallize in cold temperatures. KEEP THIS AND ALL MEDICATIONS OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN.
Hydroxyzine Possible Side effects
Potential and common side effects of histamine, like Hydroxyzine has sedative effects and can include drowsiness, dizziness, dry mouth, constipation, blurred vision and difficulty urinating.
In rare cases, it can cause allergic skin reactions which may involve skin rashes and also serious side effects like swelling of the mouth or throat.
Because of its sedative properties it also has a calming effect. Because Hydroxyzine can cause drowsiness, avoid driving or operating heavy machinery until you know how Hydroxyzine affects you. The most serious side effect of hydroxyzinen is liver problems which can lead to liver damage.
This may happen if you take more than the prescribed dose for a long period of time. To avoid the Hydroxyzine side effects, take a lower dose if possible. Long-term medication is not recommended.
Can I Take Hydroxyzine Medication While Breast Feeding?
Breastfeeding mothers are advised to talk to their doctor before taking any medication, including Hydroxyzine. Because hydroxyzine goes in to the mother’s milk, it is not advised to usetake while breastfeeding. Antihistamines have caused lethargy, anxiety, or strange excitement in newborns. Furthermore, it may reduce the mom’s milk supply.
How Does Hydroxyzine Help Anxiety
Hydroxyzine is an antihistamine that can be used to treat anxiety and other conditions such as nausea, itching, or hives. It is also prescribed for urinary incontinence. Hydroxyzine works by blocking the action of certain chemical messengers in the brain (neurotransmitters) that cause an over-reaction and allergic reactions in a person.
Hydroxyzine belongs to a group of drugs called antihistamines which work by blocking the histamine receptors in the body. Histamine is a natural chemical released during an allergic reaction which causes blood vessels to swell up and release fluid into tissues around them.
This results in symptoms such as redness, itchiness or swelling in the area, sneezing, runny nose, itchy and watery eyes. Histamine also causes the muscles surrounding these blood vessels to tighten which can trigger panic attacks or anxiety.
These antihistamines work by blocking histamine receptors which prevents the natural release of histamine and these effects. Hydroxyzine has been found to decrease the number of contractions in the muscles of the digestive system and it also relaxes muscle spasms in both the heart and respiratory system.
People with high blood pressure or glaucoma may find that Hydroxyzine helps reduce eye pain or swelling which can lead to difficulty focusing on objects close up. Hydroxyzine may also help with nausea. Hydroxyzine may cause drowsiness, dizziness and blurred vision which can increase the risk of falls.
This medication is not recommended for people with core health problems such as heart disease, kidney disease, liver or respiratory disorders.
Anxiety medications are drugs that can be used to lessen the symptoms of anxiety. The three major types of medications prescribed for the treatment of anxiety are benzodiazepines, antidepressants, and beta blockers.
- Antidepressants can take up to four weeks before their effects start being felt.
- Benzodiazepines work more quickly than antidepressants.
- Beta blockers can be taken as needed or every day depending on how often they’re needed for relief from symptoms of anxiety or panic disorder
Hydroxyzine Withdrawal Symptoms
Hydroxyzine is a type of medication that is used for treating anxiety, allergies, and insomnia. It is also used to relieve pain caused by certain medical problems. Some people who use hydroxyzine may experience withdrawal symptoms when they stop taking the drug.
These symptoms can be hard to deal with and are best managed with a doctor’s supervision. Symptoms of withdrawal from hydroxyzine can include: nausea, vomiting, tremors, headaches, sweating and fever.
Missed Dose of Hydroxyzine
missed dose of hydroxyzine can be worrisome for some people. If you have missed a dose from your regular dosing schedule of your prescription medications, it is important to know how to treat the symptoms. The first thing that you should do is talk to your healthcare provider or pharmacist about the missed dose.
They will be able to give you advice on what to do. to treat the symptoms.If you are still experiencing symptoms after talking to your doctor or pharmacist, you should drink a cup of hot tea and wait for up to an hour.
This will help with the withdrawal effects that hydroxyzine causes when it is discontinued.If these steps do not improve your symptoms, you should talk to your doctor about what other treatment options may be available.
What is Anxiety?
Anxiety is an emotion that can be triggered by many different things. It is a feeling of worry, nervousness, and unease. Anxiety can happen for no apparent reason and it can also be caused by external factors such as stress, trauma, or illness. The most common anxiety symptoms are:
- Trouble sleeping
- Constant worrying
- Feeling restless or on edge
- Panic attacks
- Persistent thoughts about the future
Anxiety can lead to a panic attack. A panic attack is an episode of intense fear that often leads to physical and emotional symptoms.
Panic attacks usually develop suddenly and peak within 10 minutes. They are a reaction to the body’s natural fight-or-flight response, which is designed to help people escape dangerous situations.
The most common symptoms of a panic attack are:
- Chest pain or discomfort
- Shortness of breath
- Rapid, shallow breathing that leads to dizziness or lightheadedness
- Feeling of choking
- Hot flashes or cold sweats
- Muscle tension
- Intense fear of losing control
- Fear of dying
Risk factors that can contribute to a panic attack:
- Anxiety disorders such as obsessive-compulsive disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, and social phobia.
- Biological markers for Anorexia Nervosa like low body weight, high levels of the hormone ghrelin in the blood and low levels of leptin in the blood. This is often seen in people with ulcers or melena.
- Biological markers for Bulimia Nervosa like high levels of the hormone ghrelin in the blood, high levels of insulin, and low levels of leptin in the blood. This is often seen in people with anorexia nervosa or people who are chronically dieting to lose weight.
- Family history: Research indicates that some people may have a genetic disposition which could put them at a higher risk for anxiety disorders and panic disorder; however there is still not much research on this topic.
- Illicit drugs: Research indicates that individuals with a history of substance use disorder, like cocaine, could be more prone to panic attacks.
- Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions such as chronic pain, hypoglycemia and cardiac disorders might increase one’s risk for panic disorder.
- Agoraphobia: Individuals with agoraphobia may have an increased risk for anxiety disorders because they experience the “fear of being in places or situations from which escape might be difficult or embarrassing” (Leitenberger and Rosen, 2010, p. 18).
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Individuals with generalized anxiety disorder may experience a “feeling of excessive anxiety and worry about everyday life that is present for more than six months” (Leitenberger and Rosen, 2010, p. 18). Some of the most common types of anxiety disorders are:
- Panic disorder (panic attacks)
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder (excessive worry about mundane things)
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder (repetitive thoughts that often lead to behaviors like hand washing or counting objects)
- Social phobia (fear of social situations, like speaking in front of groups or meeting new people)
- Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (fear of reminders of a past trauma)
- Specific Phobia (fear of certain objects or situations)
- Separation Anxiety Disorder (fear of being separated from a loved one)
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder is the most common
Mood disorders are mental illnesses that affect how a person feels. They can be severe, and they can make it hard to live life to the fullest. Mood disorders are not just sadness or depression; they are more complex than that. They can cause anxiety and other feelings of unease, which can be debilitating for some people and sleep problems. The most common mood disorders include:
- Bipolar disorder
- Dysthymia (chronic low-grade depression)
- Cyclothymia (a milder form of bipolar disorder)
- Seasonal affective disorder (SAD)
Depression is a mood disorder that can be mild or severe. It may cause feelings of hopelessness, sadness, guilt, and worthlessness. It affects how a person thinks and feels about him/herself as well as their relationships with others. Depression is often associated with other mental illnesses such as anxiety disorders or substance abuse.
Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder that causes abnormal shifts in moods, energy levels, thoughts and behavior. The highs are called manic episodes and the lows are called depressive episodes. In this disorder, there is often a history of mood swings, depression and mania.
Depression or mania can be triggered by stress or other events in life. People with bipolar disorder may have periods of normal functioning between episodes that range from weeks to years.
Most people who had depression experienced it at some point during their life; however, it is possible for someone to live their whole life without experiencing symptoms of depression more than once or twice.
What are the risk factors for bipolar disorder?
Many people who have a family history of bipolar disorder may also be genetically predisposed to the disease. This means a person may be more likely to develop it because of genetics. There is not an exact cause for bipolar disorder, but there are many risk factors that can contribute to its development.
One specific risk factor is having low levels of serotonin in the brain. Serotonin is neurotransmitter, that is responsible for regulating mood and emotions. Someone with bipolar disorder may have an increased risk of experiencing some or all of these symptoms:
Dysthymia is a mood disorder characterized by a low mood that lasts for at least two years. It is often referred to as “chronic depression.”
The symptoms of dysthymia are similar to those of major depressive disorder (MDD), but they are less intense and do not include psychotic symptoms like delusions or hallucinations.
Dysthymia can lead to other mental health problems, such as anxiety, addiction, and eating disorders.
Dysthymia is not to be confused with a “mood cycle” or “cyclothymia.” The mood cycle theory suggests that major depressive episodes alternate with manic episodes.
Cyclothymia simply refers to the presence of two or more moods in someone without other symptoms of a major depressive episode, such as decreased sleep, loss of appetite and self-deprecation. The exact causes of dysthymia are not known, but genetic and environmental factors are likely involved.
Some have proposed that dysthymia may be caused by problems with serotonin, which is the neurotransmitter associated with a state of happiness and well-being. Other possible causes include:
- Genetic factors
- Too much alcohol consumption during pregnancy
- Too much weight gain during pregnancy
- Increased levels of the hormone cortisol during pregnancy
- Post-traumatic stress disorder
Dysthymia may also be a consequence of inflammatory diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus erythematosus and crohn’s disease.
So many people search for the answer each month to find out how how does hydroxyzine help anxiety. I hope that we were able to help with shining some light on the subject.
One thing to keep in mind is, that prescription drugs are never the best way to go. I only take it if absolutely necessary. I recommend trying and exhausting all natural remedies before using drugs.
Also, keep in mind that there may be adverse effects that you didn’t even heard about, because everyone reacts to medications differently.
All medications may cause long term problems, including heart problems and irregular heartbeat.
The effects of hydroxyzine may cause other allergic symptoms that are not listed in this article. Professional medical advice is always necessary before getting an anti-anxiety medication.
Long-term use of most medications is hardly ever recommended and may lead to allergic conditions and other potential side effects. In case of medical emergency, always go to the doctor or to the hospital, depending on the level of emergency.