It comes as no surprise then that having great-looking teeth is important to many people. But what happens when your pearly whites start to turn…well, not so white?
More than 90% of Americans will find (or their dentists will find) some sort of black spot or mark on their teeth that needs medical attention at some point in their life.
After conducting some research into how these mysterious blemishes seem to form overnight, we think it is finally time to share this knowledge with you.
Stick around for hints on how you can get rid of the small black spot and keep your own smile sparkling!
Why Do You Have Black Spots On Your Teeth?
Let’s check out some reasons a black spot may appear on your tooth:
Tooth decay is one of the most common causes of black spots on teeth. When bacteria form, plaque and acids attack the tooth, they create small holes in your tooth that can turn into cavities.
If a cavity is left untreated, it can grow larger over time and cause tooth discoloration.
If you eat foods with deep colors, like blueberries or blackberries, or drink coffee, tea, and red wine regularly, these can leave stains on your teeth. The same goes for smoking or chewing tobacco products- they all lead to teeth staining.
Too much fluoride toothpaste use during the formative years of a child’s life can cause fluorosis ( a condition occurring from an excess intake of fluoride), which appears on the teeth as black lines or spots.
Fluoride is commonly found in toothpaste and drinking water, so it’s important to be aware of your child’s intake as they grow to avoid excessive fluoride intake.
In some cases, the black dots on the teeth may be caused by heredity. If you have naturally darker enamel than other people, it can make any stains or discoloration more pronounced.
Unfortunately, there’s not much you can do to prevent the darkness of your teeth due to genetics.
Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder that can cause tooth discoloration. Patients with this condition don’t properly absorb nutrients from foods, and it can affect the tooth’s enamel. If you suspect you may have this condition, it’s best to see a doctor to check on dental problems.
Old age can cause the teeth to become darker as the enamel wears away over time. This makes it more difficult for adult teeth to resist surface stains from food and drinks, ultimately leading to dark spots or teeth discoloration.
Tooth injury can also result in a black spot on the tooth appearing.
Signs Of Tooth Cavity
If you have a toothache that is sharp, stabbing, or causes constant pain, it may be a sign of tooth decay. It’s important to pay attention to your toothache and seek professional help if necessary.
If you notice tooth discoloration in the form of white spots or even brownish or yellowish spots, it may be reflective of the early stages of a cavity. The discoloration can occur due to a breakdown of your tooth enamel.
Sensitivity to Hot and Cold Temperatures
If you have teeth that become sensitive when exposed to hot or cold temperatures, this is another sign of tooth decay and cavities. If the pain only occurs for a few seconds after exposure to hot or cold temperatures, it may not be indicative of a tooth cavity. However, if the sensitivity lingers for several minutes, you require treatment.
Pain When Biting Down
Tooth cavity may cause pain when pressure is applied to the area and can worsen over time if left untreated.
Should you experience this, then it’s most likely you have tooth decay.
If you realize that drinks pain the root canal or the outer layer, that is another sign.
Bad breath is one of the most common signs of tooth decay, as bacteria in your mouth can cause a foul odor. It’s important to treat this as soon as possible and not ignore it, as it can spread and lead to more serious oral medical conditions.
If you experience any loose teeth, then there is a strong possibility that you have tooth decay, in which case it’s best to go to the dentist for a tooth extraction.
How To Remove Dark Spots On Your Tooth Enamel
While those spots mean something has gone awry, the good news is you can do something to get rid of them today and prevent them in the future. In order to findt he most appropriate way to get rid of a small black spot on a tooth, a dentist first needs to determine the underlying cause of the discoloration. In any case the following 3 treatment options can be done at home by anyone.
The most important step to removing black or dark spot on your tooth is to practice good oral hygiene.
Brushing at least twice per day and flossing regularly will help prevent plaque buildup, which can lead to discoloration.
Additionally, make sure to visit your dentist every 6 months for professional cleanings and checkups on any dark spot on your tooth.
Whitening Agents Or Professional Whitening Treatments
A few different whitening agents can help reduce the appearance of brown or black spots on your teeth. A whitening toothpaste may be able to lighten the spots a bit, but you should always consult with your dentist for dental prophylaxis before using any bleaching products for teeth clean.
You could also try tooth whitening strips which contain special gels and trays that should be worn for a few hours at a time.
Brushing your teeth a few times a week with a solution of baking soda can help as well.
If whitening agents don’t help, you may want to consider professional whitening treatments from your dentist. These include in-office bleaching sessions, custom-fitted trays, and dental crown. Your dentist will be able to tell you which treatment options are best suited for your needs.
There are some lifestyle changes that you can make to reduce the appearance of dark spots. Reduce or eliminate smoking and drinking dark beverages like coffee and tea; these substances can discolor your teeth over time.
Also, you must cut back on certain foods like sugary snacks and drinks, which can contribute to plaque buildup along your gum line or tooth.
Tips To Avoid Tooth Discoloration
You can try the following tips to avoid any dark spot and keep your teeth sparkling white:
- Brush and floss regularly. It’s important to brush twice daily and floss at least once a day to remove plaque that can cause discoloration.
- Quit tobacco use or nicotine products. Smoking causes layers of yellow dentin in the enamel on your teeth and leads to discoloration.
- Cut down on coffee and tea intake. Both drinks contain tannins that stain the enamel on your teeth resulting in black or brown spots.
- Eat crunchy fruits and vegetables like apples, celery, and cucumbers, which help to remove plaque and food particles between your teeth.
- Avoid high-sugar snacks or sugary drinks such as soda and sports drinks. These can lead to black tartar buildup, which causes brown spots on your teeth’ surface. If you have to take them, brushing must follow.
- Use a whitening toothpaste or mouthwash that contains hydrogen peroxide, which helps to remove surface stains from the teeth.
- Visit your dentist regularly for professional cleaning and whitening treatments. This will help to keep your teeth looking bright and white for a long time.
- React to any warning sign of cavities by consulting a dentist for treatment to prevent black spots. Whether it’s a small black spot or a single black mark, don’t assume!
Bottom Line: Dental Care
No one wants black marks on their teeth. But many people experience them at some point in time. The good news is that there are steps you can take treatment and keep them from coming back. Not even a single discolored spot on your tooth surface!
First, identify the cause of your black or brown spots. Then, take action to treat the underlying issue and improve your oral hygiene habits.
Follow these steps, and you’ll be well on your way to having a healthy, shining smile that you can be proud of!